FEB (Brazilian Expeditionary Force) - Italy 1944/45
The Brazilian Expeditionary Force (FEB) was created on August 9th, 1943, by act of the Minister Eurico Gaspar Dutra. To its leadership was nominated the General-de-Divisão João Baptista Mascarenhas de Moraes.
On July 16th, 1944, the first echelon landed in Naples. The FEB joined the IV Group of the United States Fifth Army to start the combat operations, on the river Serchio zone, on the north of Pisa. The FEB fights heroically against experiment and brave troops, in montainous land and stood the heavy winter in the Apennines. Surpassing the enemies, proved by loosing lifes and shedding blood, the Brazilian Soldier worth.
The most important FEB conquests happened in Massarosa, Camaiore, Monte Prano, Monte Acuto, San Quirico, Gallicano, Barga, Monte Castello, La Serra, Castelnuovo, Soprassasso, Montese, Paravento, Zocca, Marano Su Panaro, Collecchio e Fornovo. On its final offensive, the FEB besieged and arrested the 148th German Infantry Division, commanded by General Otto Fretter Pico and the Italian Division called “Itália”. On May 1st, 1945, the end FEB expedition reached its decisive point by joining French troops near Susa.
Guidance on the colors and markings of vehicles used by the FEB in World War II.
- FEB colors
FEB vehicles were painted to the standard used by the US Army.
The color used for the painting was "OLIVE DRAB".
- Tamiya XF 74 (Acrylic Paint) Olive Drab.
- Humbrol 155 (Enamel Paint) Olive Drab.
- GUNZE H78 Aqueous Hobby Colors (Acrylic Paint) Olive Drab
- FEB Badge and Markings
- The "Cruzeiro do Sul"(star group), was the emblem that FEB used in its vehicles as a form of identification, these were painted in white using a stencil.
"Cruzeiro do Sul"(star group).
- The FEB vehicle markings were painted white in accordance with the standard used by the US Army.
- FEB vehicle markings:
1 - Hood Emblem.
2 - Bumper emblem.
3 - Side emblem.
4 - Vehicle number.
5 - Unit identification.
6 - Commander's patent plate (used only on generals cars).
7 - Name or Surname (it was common for soldiers to name their vehicles). Note: not all vehicles had a name.
The markings on military vehicles were their identification, showing which unit they belonged to, they were called "bumper codes" (numeric codes painted on the bumper).
Below is the designation of each FEB unit according to its code:
- FEB 100, Headquarters of the 1st. DIE
- FEB 101, 1st Division Infantry. DIE
- FEB 103, Divisional Artillery of the 1st. DIE
- FEB 210 A, Headquarters Company, Special Troop
- FEB 210 C, Police Platoon, Special Troop
- FEB 210 D, Light Maintenance Company, Special Troop
- FEB 210 E, Intendance Company, Special Troop
- FEB 210 F, Transmission Company, Special Troop
- FEB 210 N, Sorting Center
- FEB 310, 1st. IR (Sampaio, Rio de Janeiro)
- FEB 320, 6th. IR (Caçapava, São Paulo)
- FEB 330, 11th. IR (São João Del Rey, Minas Gerais)
- FEB 410, I Group of Self-Towed Howitzers (Rio de Janeiro)
- FEB 420, II Group of Self-Towed Howitzers (Rio de Janeiro)
- FEB 430, III Group of Self-Towed Howitzers (Quitaúna, São Paulo)
- FEB 440, IV Group of Self-Towed Howitzers (Rio de Janeiro):
- FEB 510, 1st. Recon Squad
- FEB 610, 9th. Engineer Battalion
- FEB 710, 1st. Health Battalion:A, B and C: 1st, 2nd and 3rd Evacuation Company; D: Treatment Company;
- FEB 1010 Intendencia Deposit [The code is different because it did not belong to the 1st. DIE, but to FEB]
C, 3rd. Company
G, Health Detachment
K: Command Detachment. (Usually the K was painted on the right side of the regiment number)